On 6 December 2022, the Indonesia parliament passed a new criminal code. There is much to debate about this code, including the violations of the rights to equality before the law and equal protection as well as the right to privacy and the right to freedom of speech and association.
One aspect of the law that has received little concern is the section of the law that specifically outlaws Marxism with a ten-year sentence for being associated with organisations with a Marxist tendency and a fo[...]
In 1919, a British merchant vessel SS Boveric reached Calcutta. The ship carried a mixed crew ‘of all nations’. On board were Frank Bilboa and John Burtovich, two workers in their twenties. They had previously participated in strikes led by the Industrial Workers of the World at Broken Hill, New South Wales in 1917. Having been sentenced to and served six months in jail, they were detained until November 1918 by the Australian authorities who considered the best ways to get rid of them. Af[...]